The Russian Aerospace Forces received two more new fifth-generation Su-57 fighters, they are the fifth and sixth aircraft in the series. Aircraft manufacturers plan to transfer four aircraft of this type to the military this year. By the end of 2024, the Ministry of Defense will receive 22 fighters, and by 2027, 76 aircraft will be part of the Russian Aerospace Forces. They are manufactured in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, at the Yu. A. Gagarin Aviation Plant under a contract concluded in 2019.
New aircraft with tail numbers “53” and “54” seen at the airport of Novosibirsk Tolmachevo when making an intermediate landing. These fighters were built this year. Thus, to date, five production Su-57 fighters are in the composition of the Russian Aerospace Forces. The first aircraft entered the Russian Aerospace Forces with tail number “01” in 2020. This year, the Aerospace Forces have already received two — “02” and “52”, one board was sent to Akhtubinsk, and the second — to Lipetsk, training centers for the retraining of military pilots.
The Su-57 is designed to replace the Su-27 heavy fighter in the Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS). Its distinctive features are called high maneuverability, the presence of the latest complex of on-board radio-electronic equipment, as well as stealth technology, which makes the car inconspicuous. The aircraft has a supersonic cruising speed. It is designed to destroy all types of air targets in long-range and close combat, to destroy enemy ground and surface targets with overcoming air defense systems. The Su-57 made its first flight in 2010.
The new aircraft received many innovative technical solutions: a set of on-board equipment, a new radar in the nose. Main — this is the H036 “Belka” target detection complex, developed by the Research Institute of Instrument Engineering named after A.I. V. V. Tikhomirova. He received an active phased antenna array, and the whole system consists of several elements located on different parts of the airframe and allows you to control several sectors of airspace at once. The developers of the system note that thanks to the new system, the Su-57 was able to solve a wide range of tasks: from search, detection and destruction of air and ground targets to reconnaissance and navigation. In the foreseeable future, this type of radar will be replaced by completely new systems with a radio-optical phased antenna array. This electronics, built according to new principles and solutions, will provide ultra-wideband data transmission with simultaneous resistance to various interferences.
The armament of the Su-57 for the first time in Russian fighters is located in the compartments inside, they have been developed and continue to to develop new types of weapons, primarily various types of missiles. The fighter is also considered as a carrier of hypersonic weapons.
In 2017, tests of the Su-57 with the engine of the second stage began, but there are still no reports of the completion of these tests. According to sources in the military-industrial complex, the production of Su-57 fighters with the second stage engine will begin in 2025. Until then, all aircraft will be supplied with the first engine.
At the same time, the development of new modifications of the Su-57 is underway, in 2025 the production of an upgraded version of the fifth generation Su-57 fighter will begin. In this version of the fighter, as part of the R&D “Megapolis” a completely refurbished cockpit with the most advanced avionics will be installed. Also, in the near future, in the interests of foreign buyers, the development of a two-seater version will begin. The work will be carried out by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and the Sukhoi design bureau. The potential for modernization of the Su-57 is huge, and developers can make a fully unmanned aerial vehicle from a manned version. This will be facilitated by the aircraft's avionics, built on the principles of open architecture.
A command variant will be created on the basis of the Su-57 to control a swarm of drones. It is assumed that the fighter, which is already under development, will carry about four “Hunters” with it. while coordinating their activities. Under the protection of a fighter, UAVs will be able to conduct reconnaissance and even strike.
The Su-57 voice control system is also under development. Now experts are training the system to recognize the context, not specific commands, so that the pilot in an extreme situation does not remember the exact phrase that needs to be said.
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